It is for them that believe regardless of the Church era, as Jesus promises in Mr , he that believeth on me in Jn , all that are afar off in Ac , and them that obey in Ac Every professing Christian in every Church age from the day of Pentecost onward is included in one or another of those categories. The other is that He indwells them when they are baptised in the Spirit, the sure evidence of which is that they talk in tongues. Christians are obligated to make themselves aware of this CP 1Th Every teaching Christians receive must be tested in the light of Scripture. Any teaching not strictly conforming with Scripture must be rejected out of hand immediately regardless of who teaches it CP AC , 1Th , 2Pe and 1Jn and all related cross-reference Scriptures and studies referred to therein in his book A Question and Answer Study of the New Testament.
These Studies by Bro Val Boyle may be downloaded and freely distributed but not sold for profit. While it is possible to carry on some activity by lamplight, night is for rest rather than work or travel. People go to bed early and arise early to take full advantage of daylight. Jesus has work to do, and must do it while daylight makes work possible.
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The point for us is that we have finite time to establish a relationship with Christ, who is the light of the world ; If we insist on walking in darkness throughout our lives, we will be condemned a dark eternity. So Jesus warns that the window of opportunity will not remain open forever. Light and darkness symbolize good and evil—spiritual enlightenment vs.
Jesus is the light. Their eyes are on the light of the world—not on the path. They are like a sailor guiding a ship by the North Star. As long as they keep their eyes fixed on the light of the world, they know where they are and which direction to take. The light of the world is a faithful guide. This is the corollary to verse 9b. We are likely to envision people who stumble because they lack a lamp to illumine the pathway. This is the third instance in this Gospel where Jesus makes a statement, is misunderstood, and then clarifies the statement to point to a spiritual truth see ; Here Jesus tells the disciples that Lazarus is asleep kekoimetai and that Jesus is going to awaken exupniso him.
Both kekoimetai and exupniso can be understood in two ways. The former means asleep, but is also a euphemism for death. This is a touch of Johannine irony. The disciples believe that Lazarus will be all right sothesetai if he has only fallen asleep. Having heard this story before, we know that Lazarus will be all right even though he is dead. The word sothesetai can mean healed, but it can also mean saved.
Lazarus can be healed, but he can also be saved.
They thought Jesus was talking about Lazarus being asleep, but Jesus was instead using sleep as a metaphor for death. I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, so that you may believe. We are surprised to hear Jesus say that he is glad. He calls the disciples to go to Lazarus. Their destination is personal—not Bethany, but Lazarus.
This is the first mention of Thomas in this Gospel. The Synoptic Gospels mention Thomas only in lists of apostles Matthew ; Mark ; Luke , but this Gospel helps us to know him as a flesh-and-blood character ; ; Jewish leaders tried to kill Jesus in Jerusalem , and the disciples tried to dissuade Jesus from returning v. Since Jesus insists on going to Bethany, Thomas is afraid that Jesus will be killed—and possibly the disciples as well. Thomas gets a low mark for faith, but a high mark for courage.
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He who believes in me will still live, even if he dies. Do you believe this? Jewish people believe that the soul remains in the vicinity of the body for three days, hoping to rejoin the body. On the fourth day, the soul finally faces reality and departs. The fact that Lazarus has been in the tomb four days means that there can be no possibility of his soul rejoining his body.
But the period of mourning is seven days, so the official mourning and showing of condolences are still in effect. A stadion is feet, so fifteen stadia are 1.
The Holy City looms ominously over the scene. The presence of these men constitutes another ominous note.
One member of the family must stay with the mourners. Almost certainly the latter:. Martha expresses faith that God will give Jesus whatever he asks, but in v. Like most of us, she believes and fails to believe. Jesus tells Martha that Lazarus will rise again, but Martha hears this as a platitude v. Yes, he will rise again in the resurrection, but that is small comfort today.
Lazarus is dead now, and that is the grim reality. This is the heart of this Gospel lesson. While we call this story the resurrection of Lazarus, it is more importantly the revelation that Jesus is the resurrection and the life. Now Jesus is assuring Martha that the promise has been realized—in his person. Jesus is the bread of life and the light of the world Whoever lives and believes in me will never die.
This is not a promise that believers will not die physically. Lazarus died, and the death rate since has held steady at percent. When Jesus asks Martha if she believes, she replies with a threefold statement of faith. Jesus is 1 the Messiah 2 the Son of God and 3 the one coming into the world. There have been a number of confessions of faith already in this Gospel , 49; , 29, 42; ; , but this is the most complete confession of faith in this Gospel. Having sent a messenger to Jesus, Mary would have waited expectantly to see Jesus coming down the road.
But now it is too late. Lazarus is not only dead, but has been in his grave four days v.lastsurestart.co.uk/libraries/tracking/2218-smartphone-monitoring-tool.php
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Nevertheless, Mary moves quickly to meet Jesus. She will have sharp words for him because he delayed v. Martha has gone outside the village to greet Jesus, and Jesus is still outside the village. The Greek word klaio denotes a loud, demonstrative kind of weeping that would be characteristic of mourning in that time and place.
This is a difficult passage. The first verb, enebrimesato , suggests anger a fact not reflected in some English translations. Why would Jesus be angry? In spite of his having given several signs, the people closest to him still do not understand. Perhaps this dialogue stirs in Jesus a dread of that which he knows is coming.
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In this lesson, however, he loves Lazarus, Martha and Mary. He is disturbed in spirit and deeply moved. He weeps.
WHO IS JESUS?
Emotions are not neat and tidy. Here Jesus is dealing with a dear friend, Mary, in the throes of her grief. The natural human response in the face of such terrible grief is a welling up of emotions—grief, fear, anger, and frustration. This is often cited as the shortest verse in the Bible. In the original Greek, it is three words edakrusen ho Iesous. This is the only instance in the Bible where dakruo is used. In this Gospel, most important things take place just beneath the surface. Some of the Jews wonder why Jesus opened the eyes of a total stranger, but failed to help his dear friend.
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